The geographical centre of the Republic of Ireland is located in Roscommon and the inland county has played a pivotal role in Irish history. Its name is derived from 'Ros', a wooded, gentle height, and 'Comán' who was a bishop and saint noted for establishing a monastry in the county.
The north of the county was part of the Moylurg kingdom that covered an area of north-east connacht and was ruled by the MacDermot clan until 1585. Meanwhile the south of the county formed part of the territory of Uí Máine, which was ruled by the O'Kellys from the 8th century until the end of the medieval era.
Follow the links below to learn more about famous Roscommon people and places.
- Dermot Earley - GAA star and Army Officer
- Percy French - Songwriter and entertainer
- Dr Douglas Hyde - First President of Ireland
- John McGahern - Author of 'Amongst Women'
- Maureen O'Sullivan - 'Ireland's first film star'
- Sir William Wilde - Renowned surgeon
- Rath Cruachán - Archaeological site dating back to Celtic times
- Sean's Bar, Athlone - The oldest pub in Ireland and Europe
- Strokestown Park House and Famine Museum - Landlords estate house before, during and after the Great Famine
See our Roscommon GAA history section.